First: What’s the “Problem” With Java?
Just think about it: Java was released 20 years ago. Therefore, it has been piling up legacy baggage that’s now dragging it down each new version of Java has to be compatible with the previous one.
In short, competing with newer, lighter, more concise, expressive, and state-of-art feature-packed programming languages turns into an unfair challenge for Java.
Yet, it does start to show its limitations — and its age. The well-known issues challenging developers have started to grow from “all too familiar” problems to some major sources of frustration.
Its younger rival in Kotlin has two key advantages for winning over developers:
- It leverages precisely the language design expertise built up over these last 20 years since Java’s been around.
- It’s been packed with all the much-needed modern features that Java developers have been longing for: programming language featuresÂ that have already proven their efficiency with large-scale projects
Introducing Kotlin: The Newer Language Running on Java Virtual Machines
Now, if Java’s been the go-to programming language for all matters, Kotlin here is the “one-stop language” for all application development.
Being entirely interoperable with Java, you get to use Kotlin code from Java and the other way around. Kotlin’s versatility is just… mind-blowing.
Here’s how Andrey Breslav’, Kotlin project’s lead, motivates JetBrain’s decision to develop this open-source, statically typed, (JVM-based) language in the first place:
We have a huge Java codebase developed over a decade, IntelliJ IDEA, and we wanted to switch to a better language without abandoning the code we already have.
Some of the main goals of Kotlin’s development team are rapidly becoming some of the biggest advantages of using Kotlin over Java. Kotlin is:
- efficient and presents a familiar development tooling that is meant to boost developers’ productivity;
- a good compiler;
- a seamless integration with the existing infrastructure (Kotlin’s compatible with all Java frameworks and libraries, and it’s designed to integrate easily with Marven and Gradle build systems, as well);
- and, provides enhanced run-time performance.
Since it’s completely interoperable with Java and designed to run on the Java Virtual Machine, you can use Kotlin anywhere that you’d normally use Java.
And, this “bi-directional use” of Kotlin will only enable you to:
- tap into the massive Java codebase that has built up over these last 20 years;
- and, leverage its modern features designed to streamline mobile development.
The 8 Biggest Advantages of Kotlin Over Java
Now, let’s get straight to answering the question that’s been bugging you:
Why would you even consider trying Kotlin in your future projects?
Here are the eight strongest reasons why you should start seeing this programming language as a viable alternative to Java:
1. It’s Completely Interoperable With Java
As already mentioned above, one of the biggest conveniences with using Kotlin is that it’s compatible with Java!
With all its tools and frameworks, you can just add these to your Kotlin projects — nice and easy — with no need to change the entire project in Java.
Therefore, it goes without saying that, once/if you make up your mind to switch over to Kotlin, migrating your project from Java is really a piece of cake.
2. It’s (way) More Concise than Java
And this is, undoubtedly, one of the biggest advantages of Kotlin over Java development: you are able to solve the same problems using fewer lines of code that can only translate into a more reliable code with fewer bugs and crashes on the UX side.
This is not to mention all the other benefits that derive from code conciseness, including code that is:
- Easier to maintain
- Easier to read
- Easier to apply changes to when needed
Some of Kotlin’s features that are “responsible” for its code conciseness are:
- Data classes
- Smart casts
- Type interface
3. Safer Code
We’ve already settled that Kotlin’s code is more concise, therefore it goes without saying that a concise, compact, and clear code is implicitly a safer code!
Being more compact, it allows fewer errors. And, I should mention here that it’s by design that Kotlin prevents common programming mistakes, translating into:
- Fewer crashes
- A reduced number of system failures
But, what do you mean precisely by preventing mistakes from design?
I mean that developers get encouraged to consider the potential issues that their code might present from an early stage of the app’s development process. And, thus, Kotlin allows developers to be cautious and write more robust and stable code in production.
4. It Comes with a Smarter and Safer Compiler
Adding a good compiler has been one of Kotlin’s development team’s main goals when they created this programming language.
Here are some of the important aspects of the compiler in Kotlin:
- Detects errors at compile-time, not at runtime, leveraging the â€œfail-fastâ€ principle
- Performs lots of checks, reducing runtime errors and the number of bugs in the code
5. It’s Easier to Maintain
It’s not for no reason that Kotlin’s a “one-stop language” for all application development — it supports lots of IDEs, IntelliJ IDEA included.
Therefore, you’re free to use all those already tried and tested development tools that you’re comfortable with for maintaining your codebase at scale. This is another one of those “hard-to-resist-to” advantages of Kotlin over Java.
6. It’s Been Created to Boost Your Productivity
Another one of the key advantages of Kotlin over Java is that it has been built with developer productivity in mind.
And, it goes without saying that enhanced productivity goes back to concise code itself, including to its intuitive syntax and its overall clean language design. It’ll take you less time to write new code in Kotlin, to deploy it and to maintain it at scale.
And, there’s more to boosting developer productivity in Kotlin than just its concise and clear code. In this respect, this language’s been “equipped” with lots of powerful features that speed up every-day development tasks:
- Object declarations
- Parameter values
- Extension functions
7. It “Spoils” You with Better Support for Functional Programming
What does this mean?
It means that:
- You can improve your mobile apps’ performance via inlining
- You can “joggle with” functional concepts in a more explicit and concise way
- This is because Kotlin allows you to have proper function types at hand to use in this respect
8. It Has Null in Its Type System
Nullability issues have been one of Java’s well-known sore points. Since it’s a common thing in Java for the absence of certain values to be represented as “null” Kotlin comes to address these issues by placing null right in its type system.